Losing only to water, coffee is the second most consumed beverage in the world . But this is not the only important title coffee has. It is also the second most marketed product on the planet. , behind only oil.
Brazilian tradition and beloved in several countries, the small black grain has already had its value compared to gold and has already been the cause of several conflicts and conciliations across the planet.
Various curiosities surround the drink and the cultivation of coffee, as well as the effects that the same causes in the human body. Studied for centuries by medicine, nutrition and gastronomy, coffee can be considered a drink that has never gone out of style (and the tables).
A fundamental member of the history of some countries, such as Brazil, it can be said that coffee also has its own history. And after that little presentation, you should be much more curious about coffee. Check out the main curiosities on the subject .
History of coffee in the world
A lot of people do not know, but coffee was officially discovered in Africa. More specifically in Ethiopia, around the year 525.
The first record of its use in food dates from 575 in Yemen. There are manuscripts of the Arab country that tell the story of a shepherd who observed his sheep breeding supposedly become smarter after consuming coffee beans.
Also in Yemen, coffee was consumed in meals, as pulp and mixed with lard and other compositions. It was also crushed and prepared in juice in order to serve as an alcoholic beverage. .
Historians point out that after leaving Africa and passing through Arabia, coffee arrived in Europe through Holland in the early seventeenth century .
After arriving in European lands, the grain advance was amazing, as was the way to drink it, mixed with hot water.
When the Turkish ambassador, Suleiman Aga, presented the King of France, Louis XIV, also in the seventeenth century, coffee became an article of luxury and synonymous with refinement and elegance .
History of coffee in Brazil
In Brazil, coffee arrived through Sergeant Francisco de Melo Palheta in 1727 . The same brought by vessels the grains coming from French Guiana to be planted in Belém do Pará.
In Pará, coffee cultivation was not very successful, followed by Maranhão and Bahia in 1770. In 1774, it was taken to Rio de Janeiro, and in the following 50 years, its cultivation spread throughout São Paulo, Minas Gerais Gerais, Espírito Santo and Paraná.
In Brazil, the history of coffee is sometimes confused with the history of the country. For example, the term ” coffee-with-leit e” is one of the best-known periods in national political history . It is the name of the secret agreement made between the elites producing coffee during the oligarchic regime (1894 to 1930) to define the elections of the civil presidents.
There are some disagreements about the origin of the name “coffee”. There are historians who say that the name derives from Kaffa , supposed place where the plant would have originated. Others assume that the word was born during the passage of the grain through Arabia, of words that refer to juice or wine, as gahwa .
However, due to the spread of the word in English and derived from Latin and studies on its origin, the scientific name of the plant ended up being Coffea Arabica .
The scientific name of the plant that originates the coffee is Coffea Arabica (Photo: depositphotos)
Coffee cultivation occurs basically in three continents of the planet: America, Africa and Asia . Among these, Brazil is the country with the highest grain exports, accounting for 25% of the world’s coffee production.
It is known that there are more than 25 types of coffee . Among these, the most popular are the stronger (with more caffeine), such as Robusta coffee , and the softer, sweeter (with lower caffeine content), such as Arabica coffee .
In Brazil, it is possible to find productions with most of the types of coffee existing in the planet.
Coffee, as a beverage, is consumed basically all over the planet. In most regions of the planet, it is drunk warm and without much mixing.
In Brazil, it is usually consumed pure or with milk , since it became known in the country. And in the beginning, it was served hot, along with manioc and manioc cakes.
However, due to the diversity of habits and cultures, coffee is also consumed in other ways. In Japan and some nearby countries, coffee is consumed icy.
In France, it is customary to add chicory to the coffee blends. In Africa, coffee receives “spices” like garlic and ginger.
Aside from the “additions” to coffee, specific beverages are also known if using grains such as Cappuccinos or liqueurs.
The controversy: Does coffee do well or does it harm?
The most recurring controversy over coffee, of course, involves the effects and consequences of caffeine in the body. Scientists assume that drinking can help the mind and heart by increasing blood and brain activity , as well as reducing the chances of developing Alzheimer’s.
On the other hand, excessive consumption can cause health problems , such as injuries to the digestive system, tachycardia, insomnia, darkening of the teeth and decreased absorption of calcium.
- In the sixteenth century, the Catholic Church came to regard coffee as a demonic drink because of its eastern origin.
- A few years later, with the coffee already known and widespread, Pope Clement VIII sanctified the drink and tried to turn it into a Christian drink, but his idea did not develop. Wine is still the drink of Catholic ceremonies.
- Coffee has been banned in Mecca for over 50 years, also considered a “bad” drink and “devil’s”
- During the presidency of Getúlio Vargas, in Brazil, more than 80 million bags of coffee were burned. Attitude taken in order to stop the crisis of 1929.
- Coffee experts are called “baristas”.
- There is a kind of reading and guessing of the future that is based on reading lees from cups and coffee cups. It’s called “cafemancia”.