Some world personalities, for the representativeness they have achieved in their time, are remembered to this day. This is the case of the Indian pacifist leader, Mahatma Gandhi . He was born in the year 1869 in the town of Porbandar, in western India, now state of Gujarat.
Throughout his life he fought for his ideals, so much that it became a reference until the day of his death, which happened on October 30, 1948. However, his contribution to humanity did not cease with his departure. His concepts ended up being eternal, being followed by many to this day.
The story of Mahatma Gandhi
Childhood and adolescence
One could say that Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a privileged child. He was the son of a prime minister and a devout Vaisnava. By the age of 13, she had her marriage arranged with Kasturba Gandhi, aged 14. The agreement was made between the two families, as was customary in the culture of the time.
It was not part of Indian customs, especially for people of the caste to which Gandhi belonged, to leave the country to study abroad. However, he challenged these regulations to pursue the dream of studying law in London at the University of Oxford, England. In the year 1891, he returns to the country to pursue his profession.
Fight for ideals
In the year 1983, Gandhi arrives in South Africa, a British colony, where he initiated a pacifist movement. With the end of World War I, the bourgeoisie in India developed a strong nationalist movement, which gave rise to the formation of the Indian National Congress Party .
Among the leaders of this movement were Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nahru. Among the party’s concepts were total independence from India; the formation of a democratic confederation; political equality for all races, religions and classes, socioeconomic and administrative reforms and the modernization of the state.
It was not long before Gandhi stood out as the main character in the fight. Unlike other revolutionaries, Gandhi did not use physical force to fight his enemies. He resorted to fasts, marches, and civil disobedience. Another weapon he used was to encourage people not to pay taxes and not to consume English products.
In the year 1919, one episode in particular caused that Gandhi began its fight for the independence of the country. British soldiers killed about 400 Indians. The leader felt that he should do something for the brothers who lost their lives. However, in the year 1922 his battle was halted, as he was arrested, tried and sentenced to six years in prison .
Upon his release in 1924, Gandhi was faced with a situation very different from the situation he had left behind when he was taken prisoner. With the same enthusiasm as before, the leader fought for the reunification of the Indian communities and also for the reordering of the Indian National Congress Party. This, in turn, had been divided between Hindus and Muslims.
It was in the year 1930 that the leader takes the edge of the march to the sea, gathering thousands to protest against salt taxes. The group walked more than 300 kilometers. Attending the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1931, Gandhi claimed the independence of his country.
Independence of India
The continuation of the struggle for the withdrawal of the British was only resumed by Gandhi with the beginning of World War II, which, in turn, extended until the year of 1947, when the English recognized the independence of India . The condition imposed was that the country be divided into two nations: the Indian Union and Pakistan .
Not content with the situation, the migration movement has grown dramatically, resulting in a series of conflicts. Contrary to the sentiment of the nationalists, Gandhi accepted the division.
Taken by the feeling of revolt, a Hindu rebel, he assassinated the Indian leader, one year after independence. Gandhi was in New Delhi, the Indian capital.